Summer Workshop Series
Summer Quarter 2017 Schedule
Each session will be held from 3:00-5:00pm with two one hour presentations at each session.
Monday, June 26, 2017 (Directors’ Session)
3:00pm: Sarah Soule, Stanford Graduate School of Business
Osmotic Mobilization and Union Support during the “Long Protest Wave”
Despite increasing interest in the impact of social movements that target private firms, we know little about the emergence of such movements. Social movement theory situates such emergence in the context of larger protest cycles but has not tested the idea. We theorize about the determinants of osmotic mobilization---social movement spillover that crosses the boundary of the firm---and how it should vary with the ideological overlap of the relevant actors and the opportunity structure that potential activists face inside the firm. We test our hypotheses by examining the relationship between levels of protest in American cities around issues like Civil Rights, the Vietnam War, and the women's movement; and subsequent support for labor-union organizing in those cities. We find that greater levels of (lagged) protest activity are associated with greater union support; that such osmotic mobilization is greater when there is substantive overlap between the claims of the two parties; and that the extent of mobilization varies with the opportunity structure within private firms. We discuss the implications of ideological and interest overlap as a contingent factor in future research on the emergence of mobilization targeting private firms.
4:00pm: Mitchell Stevens, Stanford Graduate School of Education
Ambivalent Internationals, or, How US Social Scientists See the Rest of the World
Despite generations of intellectual protest, US social scientists with appointments in disciplinary departments continue to lend priority to the study of problems in the Global North and supposedly “general” models of social processes based on empirical inquiries in their own country. I argue that concerns about the temporal cost of language training, the competitiveness of faculty job markets, and department rankings lead senior faculty in economics, political science, and sociology to discourage doctoral study of phenomena beyond US borders. This creates startlingly large lacunae in disciplinary social-science knowledge over time. Findings are based on a study of social-science inquiry on eight US university campuses during the years following 9/11.
Tuesday, June 27, 2017
3:00pm: Anna Brattström, Lund University
Sustained Governance Misalignment: How Within-Firm Goal Conflict Influences Between-Firm Governance
Co-author: Professor Dries Faems, Groningen University
Discriminant alignment – i.e. the need to align transactional characteristics and governance arrangements – is a core principle in extant interfirm governance literature. When governance misalignment is present, interfirm relationships are therefore expected to be short lived. Yet, we provide a case study where, despite sustained misalignment between transactional characteristics (i.e. high asset specificity and uncertainty) and governance arrangements (i.e. absence of contract and inter-organizational trusts), partners continued and even further expanded their relationship. Based on an inductive analysis, we present a process model, identifying within-firm goal conflict as a triggering condition for sustained governance misalignment, and within-firm framing contest and within-firm countervailing behavior as important underlying mechanism. As a core contribution, we show that attention to within-firm goal conflict and the political wrangling such conflict may provoke, can lead to novel and counterintuitive insights for interfirm governance research. We bring forward a behavioral agenda for interfirm governance research, in which partner firms are not considered as monolithic entities, but as polilithic structures, where within-firm goal conflict can be present.
4:00pm: Dane Pflueger, Copenhagen Business School
What (else) is IT? Accounting infrastructure and the construction of a legal market for cannabis in Colorado
Co-authors: Tommaso Palermo, London School of Economics and Daniel Martinez, HEC Paris
This research investigates the role of a seed to sale inventory accounting technology known as Metrc in the organization of a new legal market for recreational cannabis in the US state of Colorado. To do so, we critically challenge the conventional view of accounting technology as a device or instrument, and instead conceptualize it as infrastructure. Emphasising the relational nature of infrastructure, we illustrate a new way in which Metrc operates on and within markets. This is one not of performing programmatic ambitions, but of continually recombining relations and generating new possibilities for ambitions to emerge.
Friday, July 14, 2017
3:00pm: Hilmar Mjelde, University of Bergen
Party change from the perspective of parties themselves: when and how do political parties attempt to change, and are they able to change?
Mapping and explaining changes in modern parties contributes to understanding how modern democracies function and is therefore an important objective for political science. A number of comprehensive research projects of high quality are therefore examining different dimensions of party change; linkage, new parties, constitutional regulation of parties, membership change. However, party change seen from the perspective of the parties themselves is missing in the ongoing scholarly debate on party change. Analyzing party reform commission reports, this article therefore makes the parties’ own assessment the main object of empirical study by posing the following research question: when and how do political parties attempt to change, and are they able to change?
4:00pm: Peter Edlund, Uppsala University
Prizes, Sanctions, and the Organizing of Status
Co-authors: Josef Pallas and Linda Wedlin
Prizes proliferate. And they seem to be everywhere. The rapid emergence, plentiful existence, and wide influence of prizes has sparked vivid discussions among economists, sociologists, philosophers, and historians. We believe that management and organization theorists should be contributing to these scholarly discussions as well.
We take a decision-based view on prizes, seeing them as forms of partial organizing that seek to sanction by transferring status between individuals, groups, and/or organizations. Our aim in this chapter is to explore the roles, meanings, and effects of prizes as field-wide processes of partial organizing. We mainly use examples from science to approach our questions: How do prizes organize status relations? How do they organize status competition? And how does such organizing shape status orders in organizational fields?
In addressing these questions, we turn to three sanctioning processes of prizes as partial organizing forms: stereotypification, classification, and popularization. We argue that triads of prize givers, prize recipients, and prize audiences constitute the building blocks for sanctioning mechanisms that have important implications for the overall organizing of fields. We also discuss how these implications may be affected by the organizing of prizes themselves, relating this to the temporal location of drama and transparency of rules in prizes. We round off our chapter by pointing to avenues for further research at the nexus of prizes, status, and organizing."
Tuesday, July 18, 2017
3:00pm: Henrik Nielsen, Aalborg University
4:00pm: Åge Johnsen, Oslo and Akershus University College of Applied Sciences
Impacts of Supreme Audit Institutions’ Performance Audits on Public Administration in the Nordic countries: A Comparative Analysis
The theory of the ‘audit society’ has been a contested issue since the mid 1990s. The extensive use of performance audit in public management reforms and administrative accountability, and recently fiscal stress in many countries following the financial crisis in 2007, has increased the interest in finding out whether performance audits contribute to an efficient and effective public sector or merely are rituals of verification producing comfort. This paper explores survey data on the impact of Supreme Audit Institutions’ (SAIs) performance audit on public administration in the Nordic countries. The results indicate that performance audits have positive impacts on usefulness, accountability, changes, and to some extent, improvements, as perceived by auditees who had experienced the audits. Regression analysis also identified some important determinants for the performance audit impacts.
Monday, July 24, 2017
3:00pm: Christine Legner, Faculty of Business and Economics (HEC), University of Lausanne
Leveraging Mobile Technologies in Individual Routines
Co-authors: Thomas Boillat and Kenny Lienhard, Faculty of Business and Economics (HEC), University of Lausanne.
The IS discipline has a long tradition in investigating how new technologies affect work practices, but has mostly focused on the enterprise level. With mobile applications, we are facing a new technology wave that is centered on the individual users. Despite their popularity, mobile applications' possibilities to enhance an individual’s knowledge, skills, and competence in daily work practices have not been studied in a systematic way. Building on the concept of routines from organizational theory and insights from field studies, we investigate mobile applications acting as material artifacts and their possibilities of goal-oriented actions in individual routines. Our main contributions are the extension of Pentland & Feldman’s generative system model and a set of affordances that mobile applications bring to individual routines. Our findings complement recent studies on routines at the enterprise level and contribute to enhance artifact design knowledge for mobile applications beyond “interaction design".
Preliminary results have been published in the following article:
Boillat, Thomas ; Lienhard, Kenny ; Legner, Christine : Entering the World of Individual Routines: The Affordances of Mobile Applications, Proceedings of the Thirty Sixth International Conference on Information Systems, Fort Worth 2015
4:00pm: Anni-Kaisa Kähkönen, Lappeenranta University of Technology
Friday, July 28, 2017
3:00pm: Lars Witell, Linköping University
Research Methodology in Service Research: The past, the present and the future
4:00pm: Daniil Pokidko, Hanken School of Economics